Engineering might be one of the broadest fields that you can come across with. It is broad in a sense that there are a lot of disciplines associated with the concept itself. Before going any further, let us have a quick definition of what engineering is all about. Engineering is an applied science wherein principles of mathematics and science are utilized to come up with practical ends. The individuals responsible for the advances and cultivation of this science are referred to as engineers. They are people who have been trained to specialize in their chosen branch of engineering. There are types of engineers that you are familiar with, while there are some that you might have never even heard of before. Check the list below for a number of engineer professions with corresponding information about them:
Aerospace engineers deal with the designing of airborne crafts that are launched on to the atmosphere and even outer space. They are involved in the construction and design of aircraft, missiles, spacecraft and satellites. To become an aerospace engineer, one must obtain a degree in aerospace engineering or of a relevant field. For entry level aerospace engineers, a license isn’t mandatory for practice. However, there will come a time later in their careers when a professional engineer (PE) license will be required.
These engineers are concerned with developing technologies for the advancement of agricultural systems. They deal with a wide array of work which covers matters relating to the agribusiness. Agricultural engineers work on strategies that will help improve agricultural operations while keeping in mind the conservation of resources and safety of personnel, animals and other products.
Biomedical engineers use their analytical and design skills for the improvement of patient and medical care. They utilize engineering principles to come up with equipment and devices that are used in the diagnosis and treatment of various disorders in the healthcare industry. Hence, it can easily be inferred how these individuals deal with complex work due to how they should have a solid background both in the fields of engineering and medicine.
Chemical engineers used applied principles of different scientific disciplines such as chemistry, physics and biology to come up with solutions to technical problems. They can usually be seen working in places like manufacturing plants, laboratories and plants to monitor facilities and operations. Chemical engineers deal with problems ranging from food, paper, drugs, fertilizers, fuel and other complex chemical processes. Their field of study is very broad and they have been referred to as universal engineers due to this.
Civil engineers are concerned with the design, development and maintenance of construction projects such as those involving bridges, buildings, dams, roads and other large structures. Due to complexity of the work involved, civil engineers usually develop a specialization in a certain area. To learn more about civil engineers, do check our separate article about them.
Computer Hardware Engineer
The robust growth in computer technology caused the stemming out of problems from these advances. Due to this, individuals who are specialists of computer systems are sought after to work on solutions for these complex problems. This is where the role of a computer hardware engineer comes in. Computer hardware engineers design, develop and examine computer hardware like central processing units (CPUs), motherboards, printers, and even portable storage devices. Due to their work, developments and innovations in computer technology are made possible.
From the name of the occupation itself, it is easy to tell that electrical engineers focus on developing equipment that harness electricity such as radar systems, electric motors, power transmission systems and other electrical equipment. Their responsibilities are important for maintaining and improving products that utilize electrical power. They develop electrical systems and components while considering factors such as safety, sustainability, dependability and practicality.
These engineers design the mechanical systems found in large marine vessels such as ships, submarines, and tankers. They use their background on mechanical and electrical engineering to come up with these mechanical systems (i.e. propulsion, steering and other on-board systems). Marine engineers also look after the maintenance of these machineries. They usual work hand in hand with naval architects to supervise a ship’s construction.
Mechanical engineers are concerned with the manufacturing, development and maintenance of various mechanical systems. Theirs is a discipline that encompasses a vast subject area. You can check this separate article if you want know learn more about mechanical engineers.
The list above only includes a few of the dozen of engineering professions present today. If you are considering a career as an engineer, then carefully narrow down your thoughts and think of which among these types of engineers would you want to become.